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Building sentences

All languages use single words and phrases (small groups of words) to build sentences.
Each word or phrase has its work and meaning in the sentence.
For example:
Alice ate all the ice cream.
Alice – is a word working as the subject
ate – is a word working as the verb
all the ice cream is a phrase working as the object


In English the position of the word or phrase in a sentence tells us what work that word or phrase is doing. A noun before a verb is almost always the subject of the verb. 
A basic simple sentence in English often has a subject, verb and object. 

If  we change the word order in an English sentence, we usually change the meaning, too. 

SubjectHelping verbPresent participleObject
Michaelis washing Lulu.
Is Michaelwashing Lulu?

If we put Lulu (the object of the sentence above) at the beginning, the meaning changes completely. 

SubjectHelping verbPresent participleObject
Luluis washingMichael.

All sentences begin with a capital letter. 
Positive and negative sentences usually end with a full stop (.).
Questions end with a question mark (?). 
For example: 
They are playing music in the square.
They are not playing music in the square.
Are they playing music in the square? 

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